Besides the poverty and lack of basic health care, Rwanda is still coming to terms with the genocide of 1994 and the horrific acts that occurred. Between April and July 1994, the Hutu-led military and Interahamwe militia groups killed approximately 800,000 ethnic Tutsis and Hutu sympathisers. Almost everyone in the country was affected in one way or another. Communities were ripped apart with neighbour killing neighbour. The psychological and physical scars are still present from the events of Rwanda's very recent history. HIV, sexually transmitted diseases, malnutrition and poverty due to single parent households are common.


Today, the genocide overshadows much of the population and the process of reconciliation is a long and arduous task that is ever present in a country trying to come to terms with itself.